Property taxes are determined by multiplying the assessed (taxable) value of your property by the tax rate. The tax rates are set by local government entities.
Assessed values are derived by multiplying the actual value of the property by 7.20% for residential property and by 29% for other property. The residential assessment percentage is subject to change by the Colorado Legislature, as required by the Gallagher amendment, each odd-numbered year. By constitutional mandate, the change in percentage maintains the present balance of the tax burden between residential and all other classes of taxable property.
How are Tax Rates Established
Each year county commissioners, city councils, school boards and special districts (taxing entities) hold budget meetings to determine the dollars needed for the following year’s operations. Each taxing entity determines what revenues will be required for operations during the upcoming year. The required revenues are then divided by the total assessed value of all property in the taxing entity’s area to determine the Tax Rate or Mill Levy per entity. The Tax Rate or Mill Levy are limited by 5.5% limitation and the Taxpayer’s Bill of Rights unless removed by an approved vote of the people within that entity’s boundary.
As an example, say the total assessed value for the county is $100,000. The county commissioners determine the annual budget for the county to be $1,250. This budgeted amount is funded by tax revenue, and is divided by the assessed value to get to the Tax Rate or Mill Levy: $1,250.00 (tax revenue) divided by $100,000 (assessed value) = 01.250% (Tax Rate) or 12.50 Mills (Mill Levy).
Calculating Property Taxes
Actual Value x Assessment Rate = Assessed Value.
Assessed Value x Mill Levy = Taxes Due.
For example, take a residential home with an actual value of $100,000. To derive the assessed value, multiply the actual value by the assessment rate: $100,000 x 7.20% = $7,200.
Then, multiply the assessed value by the Mill Levy (for this example, we’ll use .050 as the Mill Levy) to determine the property tax: $7,200 x .050 = $360.00.